From a production standpoint, red wines play second fiddle to the near-unanimously popular whites in the world of Northern Michigan wine. According to a crop inventory conducted by the USDA that was completed in 2012, the acreage on which riesling grapes were grown in Northern Michigan eclipsed the combined acreage of Northern Michigan’s three most popular reds—merlot, Cabernet Franc and pinot noir—at a tally of 485 acres to 350. Nevertheless, reds are gunning for first chair, in spite of the fact that naysayers will always appeal Northern Michigan’s moderate, white wine-friendly climate as an obstacle that area reds must overcome.
Northern Michigan’s relatively cool, short summers generally mean that the bold flavors of world-class reds do not have the time or sunlight to develop on the vines of Leelanau County and the Old Mission Peninsula. The irony, though, is that Northern Michigan is located near the same latitudes that run through northern Italy and southern France—two regions in which some of the world’s best red wines are produced. Thus, certain variables that are critical to grape cultivation, such as sunlight and season length, are identical in Northern Michigan and southern Europe. For this reason, the allure of reds has been irresistible to daring vintners.
The results have been nothing short of remarkable. While many area vintners admit that Northern Michigan will never produce the flavor-packed reds that have made Bordeaux and Burgundy famous, Northern Michigan reds are starting to bring home some serious hardware at international wine competitions. 2012 was a particularly productive year: record-breaking summer heat and increasingly nuanced growing practices translated to some seriously powerful reds.
- Read About 2012’s Reds with Andy McFarlane, former director of the Leelanau Peninsula Vintners Association
As mentioned, Cabernet Franc, merlot and pinot noir form the foundation of Northern Michigan reds. Other red varieties like sangiovese, gamay, pinot meunier, malbec, nebbiolo, lemberger (or blaufränkisch, if you prefer), and syrah are popping up in the blends of more experimental winemakers. Follow the links below for interviews with winemakers who focus on producing Northern Michigan red wine.
- Learn About the Best Reds in Northern Michigan with Black Star Farms winemaker, Lee Lutes
- Read an Interview with Marty Lagina, Owner of Red-centric Villa Mari Vineyards
Consider it the riesling of Northern Michigan reds. As the most abundantly cultivated red varietal in Northern Michigan, pinot noir has enjoyed success similar to its relatives, pinot blanc and pinot gris, which are also grown in Northern Michigan. Pinot favors cooler climates and mineral-rich soils, which allows it to thrive in the vineyards of Leelanau County and Old Mission, delivering a delicious complexity unique to our land. Expect flavors of red berries and spices, and check out Black Star Farms and Hawthorne Vineyards for choice pinot noirs.
Behind pinot noir in production in Northern Michigan is Cabernet Franc, which is known for its violet and blackberry aromas.
- Read an Interview about Cab Franc with Forty-Five North winemaker, Jay Briggs
- Five Northern Michigan Red Wines Perfect for Autumn and Winter
Merlot et cetera
Merlot and the long list of secondary red grape varieties seem to be best suited for blends—although varietal merlots and gamay noirs are out there, to be sure. Find some of our favorite blends and more recommended reds with the links below:
- The Hunt for the Reds of October (from 2012)
- Local Reds for Summer Sipping (from 2012)
- Five Red Blends to Try (from 2010)
Somewhere between whites and reds, rosés are made by limiting maceration—the process during which grape skins and the juice are allowed to physically interact. This contact allows flavor and color compounds to leach from the grapes’ skins into the juice, meaning the longer the maceration stage, the more compounds get into the juice. Strong reds undergo long maceration periods, while whites tend to evade maceration all together. In the middle—and undergoing fleeting maceration—are rosés. Learn about the best in Northern Michigan below: